Photography Career Specialties

Photographers produce images that tell a story, record an event, or paint a picture. Regardless of what specific type of photography you do, you will need to be able to have a strong eye, creativity, an understanding of your subject, and a knowledge of the goal of the image -- whether it be to preserve, inform, or entertain.

  • Commercial – Commercial photographers take photos that can be used in a variety of media, such as books, reports, catalogs, and advertisements. Photographs typically depict products, models, landscapes, or buildings.
  • Fine art – Fine arts photographers use their creative talent to produce photographs that are sold as fine artwork.
  • Industrial – Industrial photographers take pictures for industrial purposes, such as of machinery or company officials, which are used in project analysis or for record-keeping purposes.
  • Photojournalism – Photojournalists, or news photographers, take pictures of newsworthy events, people, and locations, which are used in media such as newspapers, magazines, TV, or related websites.
  • Portrait – Portrait photographers take pictures of individuals or groups of people for a wide variety of purposes -- from professional headshots to school photos. They often work in their own studio or on location for events like weddings, religious ceremonies, and other events. Portrait photographers who own their own studio have additional business responsibilities including scheduling, billing, purchasing supplies, and hiriing. Many also process their own images, design albums, and mount and frame the finished photographs.
  • Science – Scientific photographers take images of a variety of subjects to illustrate or record scientific or medical data or phenomena, using knowledge of scientific procedures. They typically possess additional knowledge in areas such as engineering, medicine, biology, or chemistry.

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