Scientific photography may have a low public profile, but the images produced by it play roles in a variety of consumer products and even public policy and health issues.
Scientific photographers create images that measure, record, and interpret a variety of physical and often unseen objects. These photographers use more technologically advanced techniques -- including digital imaging, video, and cinematography -- to produce images that can be examined in detail, and that may be outside the visible spectrum. Precision and accuracy are key to this type of photography.
Though most often used by industrial, medical and scientific specialists in government or academia, some scientific images may be appreciated by the general public for their beauty or otherworldly nature. These images can be found in books or websites about subjects like astronomy, natural history, aerial photography, or the human body.
Scientific photography includes activities such as spectral imaging (ultraviolet photography, infrared recording, and thermal imaging (useful to the military)), optics and illumination (polarized light and holography), photomacrography and photomicrography (the photography of small details), and 3-D photography.
Most scientific photography positions require a bachelor's degree in photography. Scientific photographers make an average of $53,964, and some make over $60,831.